Armata: New Secrets of Russia’s ‘Future Tank’ Unveiled

Armata: New Secrets of Russia’s ‘Future Tank’ Unveiled

 

The designers of Russia’s T-14 Armata main battle tank have unveiled more details of what is arguably the best armored vehicle ever built.

First off, the tank’s engine and gearbox are built as a single whole, which facilitates its repair and replacement.Uralvagonzavod representative Oleg Zozulya did not elaborate on the engine’s details, saying only that the Armata tank featured the most powerful engine ever built for Russian tanks, which means that the engine packs at least 1,500 horsepower.

The tank’s speed is another big secret, but, judging by what they saw during the the May 9 Victory Day parade debut on Moscow’s Red Square, it could be in the ballpark of 100 kilometers an hour.

The tank crew is securely enclosed in a multi-layer armored capsule separated from the ammunition container. The vehicle is fully computerized and remote-controlled via a high-resolution video cameras that directs its movement, track targets and activates the tank’s defense systems.

This frees the crew from performing routine tasks to allow it to focus on key combat functions.

“For the crew, it’s like playing a video game,” said Ilya Demchenko, one of the Armata’s designers.

The Armata’s chief designer, Andrei Terlikov, said that the new technologies built into the Armata could make it possible in the future to build a fully robotic vehicle that would operate autonomously on the battlefield.

The Armata uses a new type of armor, which designers say is significantly more resistant to enemy fire. On top of that, the vehicle is protected by an improved version of reactive armor, which explodes on impact to stop a projectile from reaching the main layer of armor.The Armata is also equipped with a so-called active protection system, forming an outer perimeter of its defenses. When the system spots an enemy projectile, it fires a round to destroy it or knock it off its path.

The current version of the Armata is equipped with a remotely controlled standard-caliber 125-mm cannon, with fully automated loading, which can fire both regular shells and rockets.

Designers say that a much more powerful 152-mm cannon could be easily fitted to the Armata in the future.

The tank’s modular structure also allows for quick and easy modernization of its elements and systems.

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Serbia Develops State-of-the-Art, Armata-Style Battle Tank

Serbian tank  M-20UP-1

 
A concept of the Russian Armata-like “Serbian tank of the future”, the М-20UP-1, has reportedly been presented at the Partner 2015 military exhibition in Belgrade.

Serbia has presented a concept of the М-20UP-1, the country’s “tank of the future”, at the Partner 2015 military exhibition in Belgrade. Designers said that they were inspired by the Russian-made Armata tank when developing the М-20UP-1, according to the Serbian news website Vecernje Novosti Online.The project cost of the production of one M-20UP-1 stands at five million euros.

Goran Stojanovic, head of the working group to develop the tank, said that the М-20UP-1 will not compete with the Armata tank.

“Our tank will be closer to the [Russian-made] T-90 tank in terms of combat capabilities. We are short of money, and our economic potential is not developed enough to let us compete with the Russians. But by using a design [resembling] those of advanced tanks across the world, we have developed the weapon of the future: cheap, modern and efficient,” Stojanovic said.

As in the T-14 Armata battle tank, the М-20UP-1’s crew of three is securely enclosed in a multi-layer armored capsule, separated from the ammunition container.

The Serbian tank also features an unmanned, digitally controlled turret, which is remotely controlled by a crew member located in the aforementioned capsule.

The tank’s 125mm smooth-bore gun is also digitally operated from the capsule via high-resolution cameras. The turret carries a total of 48 rounds of ammunition, including ready-to-use ones. The gun can also fire laser-guided missiles.The М-20UP-1 is equipped with electric transmission, which engineers said will help significantly reduce the power loss and will add to the tank’s stealth characteristics.

It reportedly took eight months to finalize the М-20UP-1, which was developed both by young and veteran Serbian engineers, who were engaged in the creation of the M-84 battle tank.

The М-20UP-1 will form a base platform for other Serbian armored vehicles, as is the case with the Russian-made Armata platform.

Earlier this year, similar plans were announced by India, which seeks to use the platform of its planned battle tank for as many as 11 different tracked vehicles.

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Russia Arms Expo-2015 to demonstrate Armata combat platform

Armata is a heavy unified platform created for tanks and infantry fighting vehicles

YEKATERINBURG, July 7. /TASS/ The new-generation combat platform Armata will go on display at the international defense exhibition Russia Arms Expo-2015, which will be held in Nizhny Tagil in the Urals in early September, Uralvagonzavod CEO Oleg Siyenko said on Tuesday.

The Armata combat platform may be demonstrated in a closed show or “behind the glass,” Siyenko said.

“As for the demonstration of the Armata, we’ll certainly show it. This will be either a closed show or Armata will be placed behind a glass anti-glare contour,” he said.

Armata is a heavy unified platform created for tanks and infantry fighting vehicles.

The new-generation tank boasts an unmanned turret, fully digitalized control and an isolated armored capsule accommodating the crew.

The 10th International Exhibition of Arms, Military Hardware and Ammunition (RAE-2015) will be held in Nizhny Tagil on September 9-12. It is expected to become the largest exhibition from the viewpoint of demonstrating the newest developments of both Russian and foreign defense manufacturers.

The exhibition is held once every two years. In 2013, the Nizhny Tagil arms show was attended by delegations from more than 45 countries, about 400 leading international specialists and top managers of defense enterprises.

Surviving a War: Russia’s Armata Tank and T-15 Infantry Combat Vehicle

T-15 infantry combat vehicle and T-14 tank with the Armata Universal Combat Platform

 
Russia is set to create a new Advanced Combat System suitable for hybrid warfare, based entirely on the Armata Universal Combat Platform, as, according to Russian military experts, the country’s new Armata tank and T-15 heavy infantry combat vehicle, which are based on this platform, are the only armored vehicles capable of surviving modern combat.

Russia is set to develop a new Advanced Combat System suitable for hybrid warfare. two of the elements of the system are already in place: the recently-revealed Armata tank and T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle (BMP T-15), which is based on the Armata Universal Combat Platform.

Military experts believe these units are the only ones capable of surviving modern hybrid warfare.

“By the middle of a modern combat, only the Armata tank and BMP T-15 will be left ‘alive’,” Vyacheslav Khalitov, Deputy Director General of the manufacturing company Uralvagonzavod, told the Russian daily newspaper Nezavisimaya Gazeta.

“We are transitioning to a new ideology of warfighting. Hybrid conflicts are the most wide-spread type of warfare nowadays,” Khalitov said earlier in June.

“This modern warfare necessitates a rapid response.  It is safe to say that Armata-class tanks, along with the T-15 and other state-of-the-art armored vehicles, will become a core of the Advanced Combat System, which will quickly and efficiently resolve any military task,” he added.

The Armata is one of the most protected, if not the most protected IFV in the world. It seems that in terms of protection it is superior to most heavy armored personnel carrier and heavily-armored vehicles such as German Puma, or Namer, a heavily armoured infantry fighting vehicle based on the chassis of the Merkava 4 main battle tank of Israel, also called Tiger or Leopard.The new T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle, along with the Armata T-14 tank, were unveiled during the V-Day military parade in Moscow.

Both units are based on the “Armata” Universal Combat Platform.

The Armata platform is used in the T-14, the T-15, a combat engineering vehicle, an armored recovery vehicle, a heavy armored personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery, including the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV, which uses the same codename and is based on the same chassis. Russia’s military also intends that it serve as the basis for its artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems.

The new “Armata” tank platform is therefore meant to replace older Russian MBTs and APCs that are currently used by the Russian military.

Hardware to be based on the Armata platform includes:

The Armata T-14 main battle tank, T-15 heavy infantry combat vehicle, BM-2 (TOS-2) short range rocket artillery (similar to the TOS-1 Buratino flamethrower unit), BREM-T T-16 recovery vehicle and 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun. However, the 2S35’s which were put on display during the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade and its rehearsals were not actually built on the Armata platform but rather on a six-wheeled platform that appears to be a T-90-derived chassis.

Russia’s T-14 Armata MBT ‘has new-gen ERA’

 

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Key Points

  • The Russian T-14 Armata MBT has a new-generation ERA system, according to a Tractor Plants source
  • The new armour’s resistance to APFSDS rounds is significantly increased compared with previous ERA systems, according to the source

The new Russian T-14 Armata main battle tank (MBT) is equipped with a new generation of explosive reactive armour (ERA), according to a source at the Tractor Plants company.

The ERA, developed by the NII Stali research institute “can be described as an innovative one” the source said. “Its specifications exceed those of Kontakt-1, Kontakt-5, and Relict 9 [ERA systems]”. He did not provide IHS Jane’s with further details, saying only that the ERA has “no known world equivalents”.

The source said the new armour’s resistance to armour-piercing fin-stabilised discarding-sabot (APFSDS) rounds was significantly increased in comparison with the older ERA systems. “The high protective characteristics of the new armour aren’t provided by the simple increase of explosive mass in its containers,” said the source. He pointed out that the detonation of an ERA box would not damage the electronics and other equipment installed under the armour.

Europe to give worthy reply to Russia’s Armata tank only in 15 years — Deputy PM

Russian tank construction has been one step ahead since the times of T-34, Dmitry Rogozin said

     Europe will be able to give a worthy reply to Russia’s Armata tank only in 15 years, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said during the Voskresny Vecher (Sunday Night) program on Russian television.

“The French and Germans said they will build a tank similar to Armata by 2030, that is in 15 years,” Rogozin said.

“Russian tank construction has been one step ahead since the times of T-34,” he said.

The German web publication Welt Online reported Friday that the German Defense Ministry, jointly with the French government, plans to design a modern battle tank that in the future is to become a competitor to Russia’s T-14 Armata tank.

The new military vehicle is to be ready by 2030 and replace the Leopard 2 tank, which is currently in operational service with the armies of several European countries.

According to Welt Online, the reference point for such plans could have been reports by Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) on Russia reinforcing its combat strength.

BND analysts said T-14 tanks presented during the Victory Parade in Moscow on May 9 were only experimental prototypes, and that their serial production could start in a few years.

“But when they are completely developed, it will be time to face a tank of the highest level,” the publication said.

A special report prepared for the Bundestag (parliament) defense committee by Defense Ministry parliamentary state secretary Markus Gruebel says that “technical specifications for the new combat system have already been submitted and defined in the framework of the German-French cooperation.”

The sides also plan to jointly study technologies and developments of the German industry by 2018. The report, however, does not specify whether the new tank will be based on the Leopard 2 platform or it will be a totally different combat system.

Germany, France to Develop New Battle Tank to Catch Up With Russia’s Armata

Leopard 2A5 tank

Germany and France are now preparing to jointly develop a new main battle tank, the Leopard 3, to replace its ageing Leopard 2 military vehicle by around 2030, which would be able to compete with Russia’s next-generation Armata tank, recently showcased at the Victory Day parade commemorating the end of World War Two in Moscow.

The German Defense Ministry has announced its plans for the “Leo 3” (as it’s likely to be nicknamed in Germany) to replace its main battle tank, the Leopard 2.

The main reason for the modernization is believed to be the Leopard 2 service life, which is set to expire by 2030.

The German media, however, suggest that the real reason is the recently-presented analysis by Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) on Russia’s reinforced combat strength and its recently showcased T-14 Armata tanks, which were presented during the country’s Victory Parade in Moscow on May 9.

A column of Armata tanks, equipped with 125mm cannons, rolled through Moscow’s historic Red Square on May 9 as Russian President Vladimir Putin and a number of foreign heads of state, including Chinese leader Xi Jinping, watched on.

The BND analysis suggests that even though the combat vehicles unveiled at the parade are still somewhat pre-production models, when completed, it will be a tank with the highest levels of armaments.

According to Deutsche Welle, the manufacturer of the current Leopard 2, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, is scheduled to fuse with the French firm Nexter Systems over the course of this year.

This has prompted the German media to report that the new Franco-German firm, with more than 6,000 staff and a combined turnover of around 2 billion euros ($2.2 billion), could be a strong candidate to win the contract to develop a new battle tank for the German Bundeswehr.

Just before the Victory Day Parade in Moscow, the US bimonthly magazine The National Interest reported on why America should really fear Russia’s Armata T-14 tank.

The magazine suggested that Russia actually might be able to deliver in the field the tank of greater speed, maneuverability, firepower and survivability vis-à-vis anything being produced for Western armies.

The Armata is a Russian prototype of a heavy tracked vehicle platform that will be used in the construction of a next-generation main battle tank and a range of other combat vehicles.

The tank’s main armaments include a 7.62mm remote-control machine gun and a 125mm smoothbore cannon. The tank is operated by a crew of three, which are housed in an armored capsule in the front.

The military vehicle is also equipped with active counter-mine defense and a suit of circular-view high resolution cameras. It can fire rounds while in motion and travels at a speed of up to 50 miles (80.47 km) per hour.

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