Chinese Naval Fleet Now Outnumbers US Combat Vessels

Chinese Submarine

China is at the forefront of building submarines and now has more than the United States, says a Navy admiral testifying before a congressional committee that is discussing future funding for US defense projects.

Vice Admiral Joseph Mulloy told legislators on Thursday that not only is China building “some fairly amazing submarines” but that the Chinese are carrying out more deployments and expanding their area of operations as part of an rapid military buildup.

“We know they are out experimenting and looking at operating, and clearly want to be in this world of advanced submarines,” Mulloy told committee members, according to Reuters.

US military officials are in the middle of a major push to stay ahead of the Chinese, said Mulloy, adding that while the Chinese submarines are inferior in quality compared to those from the US, there are more Chinese nuclear and diesel vessels than what the US has, even though the US has the world’s largest defense budget.

The US Navy has 71 commissioned submarines, while the Chinese have 77 principal surface combatant ships, 61 submarines, 55 large and medium amphibious ships, and about 85 missile-equipped smaller combatant ships.

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Russian Navy Launches First Varshavyanka-Class Sub for Black Sea Fleet

"Varshavyanka" - class diesel-electric submarine.

01:13 13/08/2014 

MOSCOW, August 12 (RIA Novosti) – The first in the series of six Varshavyanka-class diesel-electric submarines, built for Crimea-based Black Sea Fleet, will be put in service with the Russian Navy on August 22, a Navy spokesman said on Tuesday.

“On August 22, St. Andrew’s flag of the Russian Navy will be raised on diesel-electric submarine Novorossiisk at the Admiralty Shipyards in St. Petersburg,” Capt. 1st Rank Igor Dygalo said.

According to the spokesman, the submarine is currently undergoing the second testing phase in the Baltic Sea and will soon arrive at the Admiralty Shipyards.

Construction of the Novorossiisk submarine started in August 2010, followed by the Rostov-on-Don sub in November 2011, the Stary Oskol in August 2012, and the Krasnodar in February 2014.

The much-anticipated delivery of these submarines, dubbed by the US Navy as “black holes in the ocean” because they are nearly undetectable when submerged, is a key part of Russia’s naval strategy in the Mediterranean, where Moscow has recently deployed a permanent task force consisting of some 10 surface ships.

The Varshavyanka-class (Project 636.3) is an improved version of the Kilo-class submarines and features advanced stealth technology, extended combat range and the ability to strike land, surface and underwater targets.

These submarines are mainly intended for anti-shipping and anti-submarine missions in relatively shallow waters.

The vessels, crewed by 52 submariners, have an underwater speed of 20 knots, a cruising range of 400 miles (electric propulsion) with the ability to patrol for 45 days. They are armed with 18 torpedoes and eight surface-to-air missiles.

The Russian Black Sea Fleet has not received new submarines for decades and currently operates only one boat – the Kilo-class Alrosa, which joined the Navy in 1990.

Russia to Refit 2 Sierra-Class Nuclear Subs

Russia to Refit 2 Sierra-Class Nuclear Subs

MOSCOW, May 14 (RIA Novosti) – The Russian Defense Ministry has signed a contract to refit two Soviet-era Sierra-class multipurpose nuclear submarines, the Zvezdochka shipyard said Wednesday.

“A contract was signed with the Defense Ministry to extensively refit two Project 945 [NATO reporting name Sierra]. One of the submarines has remained at the shipyard for over 10 years, the other will arrive this year,” spokesman Yevgeny Gladyshev said.

The refit will extend the submarines’ service for about 10 years.

The shipyard’s workers are currently removing nuclear fuel from the reactor of the first submarine, the Karp, laid down in 1987. The submarine’s refit is expected to be completed in 2017.

The Russian navy announced in early April that it expected to receive over ten modernized nuclear submarines by 2020.

Russia has started building the fifth generation submarines

Russia has started building the fifth generation submarines

Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin” has already begun work on the creation of the fifth generation of both nuclear and non-nuclear submarines.
“The formation of the ship shape the next generation has begun and is based on the comments and suggestions that come from the operation of ships of the previous generation and head ships new projects”, – said General Director of CCB “Rubin”

Russia restore titanium submarines

Russia restore titanium submarines

Navy Russia has decided to return the unique submarines of Project 945 “Barracuda” to Navy structure , the body of thees submarines is made of titanium. Titanium boats created in 1980, as they are more durable, do not attract magnetic mines. But because of the high cost of titanium, which is several times more expensive than steel, after the collapse of the Soviet Union from the construction of titanium submarines decided to refuse.
As told to “Izvestia” a senior source in the Main Command of the Navy, the decision to revive the “Barracuda” was adopted in January, at a meeting with the commander in chief of the Navy Viktor Chirkov.

– It was not a spontaneous decision, we carefully considered and concluded that restoring the boat cost-effective than recycle – explained “Izvestia”.

According to preliminary information , the titanium submarine will get new submarine sonar, combat information and control systems, radar, radio station with intelligence, a navigation system based on GLONASS / GPS. In addition, the boat will change weapons systems and teach them to fire cruise missiles from the complex “Caliber» (Club-S), to ground targets