Defense ministers from 15 countries to attend Moscow security conference

 

March 13, MOSCOW
Defense ministers and delegations of some 80 countries, including NATO member states, have been invited to attend the fourth Moscow security conference set for April 16-17

Russian Defense Ministry

Russian Defense Ministry

© TASS/Mikhail Japardze

MOSCOW, March 13. /TASS/. Defense ministers of 15 countries will take part in a security conference in Moscow in April, a senior Russian Defense Ministry official said on Friday.

“As of today, we have received confirmation that 15 defense ministers representing the key regions of the world will attend our conference,” said Sergey Koshelev, the head of the ministry’s international military cooperation department.

Defense ministers and delegations of some 80 countries, including NATO member states, have been invited to attend the fourth Moscow security conference set for April 16-17.

Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov said earlier that Ukraine had not been invited to avoid tensions at the conference.

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US, Egypt to Strengthen Security Partnership – Pentagon

Egyptian security forces

US Defense Secretary and Egypt’s Defense Minister pledged to enhance security partnership between the two countries in a telephone conversation.

WASHINGTON (Sputnik) — US Defense Secretary Ashton Carter and Egypt’s Defense Minister Sedki Sobhy pledged to enhance security partnership between the two countries in a telephone conversation on Tuesday, according to US Department of Defense press release.

“The two leaders [Carter, Sobhy] reaffirmed their shared commitment to strengthening the security partnership between Egypt and the United States,” the release issued on Tuesday said.

 

Secretary Carter expressed his desire to work closely with Minister Sobhy in resolving security challenges that the two countries face, while Sobhy underscored the importance to strengthen international coalitions against terrorism and extremism, according to the press release.On Saturday, the foreign policy chiefs of Egypt and Russia, Sameh Shoukry and Sergei Lavrov respectively, also called on the international community for a decisive fight against terrorism in all its forms, according to the Russian Foreign Ministry.

The conversations took place after the Islamic State jihadist group released a video showing the beheadings of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians abducted earlier in Libya.

Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150225/1018711849.html#ixzz3SjkJqRyT

Russia’s Military Doctrine: Facts And Details

Military exercise at Baltic Fleet base in Kaliningrad Region

On February 5, 2010, Russia’s president approved a new military doctrine.

 

MOSCOW (Sputnik) — A military doctrine is a theoretically substantiated and officially adopted long-term set of guidelines for the organizational development of the armed forces, use of military force and achievement of military objectives.A military doctrine is subordinate to military policy, being its chief derivative. It is the scientific and practical baseline for developing military concepts, programs, plans and other official documents that extend and elaborate on its contents.

Russia’s military doctrine defines the political, strategic and economic foundations of its military security. It is one of Russia’s main strategic planning documents and a system of officially accepted views on provisions for the country’s armed defense.

The military doctrine is aimed at identifying and addressing Russia’s main threats. It is periodically revised to take into account geopolitical changes at home and abroad.

Before 1991, Russia, being a constituent republic of the USSR, was guided by the Soviet Union’s pronouncedly defensive military doctrine that was approved in 1987. This doctrine became null and void after the USSR’s disintegration.

Russia adopted the doctrine titled “The Main Premises of the Transition-Period Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation” in 1993.

It stated that Russia had no potential adversaries. Russia committed to avoiding the use of military force for anything other than self-defense. Nuclear weapons were regarded as a political deterrent rather than a means of warfare. The “reasonable sufficiency” principle guided the policies with regard to the country’s military potential that was to be maintained at a level commensurate with existing threats. The doctrine did not mention NATO at all.

 

However, NATO’s expansion and its operations in Yugoslavia in 1999 necessitated a number of adjustments to the doctrine.The Russian Federation’s first comprehensive military doctrine was approved in 2000. It systematically and firmly described the contemporary military-political situation, its destabilizing factors and sources of threats, defining any buildup of forces by other states near Russia’s borders as “the main external threat.”

A new military doctrine was adopted in 2010, because the nature of threats to the country’s defense security had changed substantially in the years since its last revision.

The 2010 military doctrine is divided into four parts: Terminology and general provision; military threats and threats to Russia; the country’s military policy; military-economic support for national defense.

According to the doctrine, the likelihood of a large-scale war involving Russia has subsided, but military threats are growing in intensity in a number of sectors.

The main military threats listed in the document are the strengthening of NATO through the acceptance of new members, the deployment of anti-missile defense systems, aggravation of military-political tensions and exacerbation of interstate relations, as well as the creation of conditions for the use of military force.

 

The establishment and training of illegal armed groups, their operation in the Russian Federation or in the territory of its allies, are also classified as military threats to Russia. Such threats also include provocative demonstrations of military force in the form of military exercises held in states bordering Russia or its allies, intensified activities of armed forces of certain states or groups of states involving partial or full-scale mobilization and the conversion of these states” government and military command-and-control agencies to wartime operation.The doctrine is aimed at the peaceful and nonviolent prevention and settlement of crises and conflicts. Russia is prepared to defend and uphold not only its own national interests and security, but also those of its allies.

The main distinction of this doctrine from its predecessor (2000) is that it allows the country’s armed forces to be deployed outside Russia’s borders in order to defend its interests and citizens, and to maintain international peace and security. The Russian president is empowered by law to decide on the use of the armed forces outside Russia.

The military doctrine emphasizes that nuclear weapons will remain an important deterrent against large-scale and regional wars. According to the document, “The Russian Federation reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to nuclear weapons and other types of mass destruction weapons being used against it and/or its allies, as well as in the case of a conventional aggression against the Russian Federation, which jeopardizes the very existence of the state.” This language is based on the principle of “defensive nuclear containment” and does not presuppose the delivery of a “preventive” or a “preemptive” nuclear strike.

According to the military doctrine, the main priorities for the development of the armed forces are the improvement of its air defense system and the creation of an aerospace defense system. Other priorities include improving the image of military service and better preparing Russian citizens for military service.The country’s focus on defense-related military-economic efforts is possible because of the high level of financial and material-technical support given to the military to meet its targets.

A separate section of the doctrine is dedicated to the country’s military-industrial complex and yet another section concentrates on the Russian military’s political and technical cooperation with foreign states.

According to the doctrine, its provisions may be adjusted to take into account changes in the nature of military threats, military security and defense operations, and the state of the country’s development.

The military doctrine was amended in 2014, when new threats emerged, specifically NATO’s expansion in the direction of Russia’s borders and its plans to develop a global missile defense system and deploy strategic weapons in outer space.

On December 26, 2014, the Russian president endorsed the updated military doctrine.

 

Its main provisions remain the same, but there are new clauses on securing Russia’s interests in the Arctic and on allied relations with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The new aspects of the military doctrine include defining operations by foreign private military companies in the vicinity of Russia’s borders as an external threat. The same applies to regimes established in neighboring states, whose policies threaten Russia’s interests, and to the subversive activities of foreign intelligence agencies or their coalitions against Russia.The document notes that military is facing more domestic dangers and threats and is increasingly dealing with cyberwarfare threats.

Russia regards expanding the range of its partner states, including members of BRICS (a new element in the doctrine), CSTO, CIS, OSCE and SCO, as a move that will help to contain and prevent military conflicts.

Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150205/1017806678.html#ixzz3QrikU9ah

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Russia to Hold Annual Security Exhibition in October

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The developers and manufacturers have a unique opportunity to take part in the formation of the business program for presenting their novelties and achievements. The International Security Exhibition INTERPOLITEX-2015 will be held in Moscow on October 20-23.

The extensive scientific and business program of the INTERPOLITEX-2014 exhibition included 5 conferences, 5 round table discussions, 3 workshops and 8 presentations devoted to the most urgent problems of security of the state and its citizens. Over 2200 specialists took part in the discussion of more than 70 reports and presentations.

The main part of this year’s business program will be represented by the scientific and practical conference organized by the Russian Interior Ministry and titled “Prospects for Developing New Items of Armaments and Special Equipment of the New Generation”. The different sections of this conference will be used to discuss further improvement of technical equipment for law enforcement agencies.

China accuses US of damaging regional stability with Japan defense radar

X-Band Radar (SBX) (AFP Photo)

X-Band Radar (SBX) (AFP Photo)

Japan’s defense ministry said the radar system was delivered on Tuesday to the US military’s communication facility in Kyoto and would be fully operational by year’s end.

In a clear reference to the United States, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said “relevant countries” should not use their own security interests as an “excuse to damage the security of others, China’s Xinhua daily reports.

“Some countries have pushed forward anti-missile system deployment in the Asia-Pacific region to seek unilateral security, which runs against regional stability and mutual trust as well as peace and stability in Northeast Asia,” Hua told a news conference on Wednesday.

“This move causes even more concerns, under the backdrop of complex and sensitive regional situation,” she said.

The spokeswoman added that all interested parties should be committed to maintaining security via political and diplomatic means.

Following its economic ascendency and the Obama administration’s so-called Asia pivot, China has invested heavily in its naval capabilities, including anti-ship ballistic missiles.

This, coupled with an often heated dispute over the Senkaku or Diaoyu island group, has rattled Japan in recent years.

Senkaku Islands (Image from wikipedia.org)

Senkaku Islands (Image from wikipedia.org)

On Wednesday, reports surfaced in Japanese media that the US and Japan will boost military cooperation and intelligence sharing in space to counter China’s growing capability to shoot down satellites.

And earlier this month, Japan and the United States agreed to create a new defense partnership to counter the perceived Chinese threat.

The measures, intended “to prevent the deterioration of Japan’s security in all phases,” represented the first time the two countries had revised their bilateral security arrangements in 17 years.

The previous month, Chinese President Xi Jinping called on China’s army to modernize and improve their combat readiness, so they could “win a regional war.”

In July, Japan further sparked ire in China by reinterpreting Article 9 of the country’s post-war constitution, which had bared the country’s forces from ever fighting on foreign soil.

The reversal is both intended to defend Japan and its allies in case of the attack. US President Barack Obama had earlier vowed to back Japan in any conflict over the disputed island group.

Just days before Obama’s announcement, Japan began work on a high-tech radar outpost close to the islands. The radar is expected to become operational in 2016.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Qin Gang dismissed the deepening cooperation at the time, calling the Washington-Tokyo alliance “a bilateral arrangement from the Cold War and ought not to harm China’s territorial sovereignty and reasonable rights.”

US military suffers Japan base setback

                                                  

  
Four Sea Knight transport helicopters and a Super Stallion helicopter are parked at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan on Okinawa May 3, 2010. (Reuters/Toru Hanai)

Four Sea Knight transport helicopters and a Super Stallion helicopter are parked at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan on Okinawa May 3, 2010. (Reuters/Toru Hanai)

 

Opponents of a new American military base in Japan won a key victory on Sunday. Candidates against the idea now have a majority in Noga’s city assembly, as they look to block the construction of the new facility in the Okinawa Prefecture.

The assembly in the city of Noga now contains 16 members out of a total of 27 who are against the relocation of a US base from Futenma. They are both located in the Okinawa Prefecture – Japan’s southernmost district, made up of some of the Ryukyu Islands. The facility is situated in a densely-populated urban area in southern Okinawa. However, the government wants to move it to Noga, a smaller city to the north that already hosts Camp Schwab, another US Marine base.

The results will please the Nago Mayor Susumu Inamine, who is resolutely against the construction of the new military base. There has been significant local opposition to the relocation of the facility and the re-election of Inamine in January by a wide margin was effectively a de facto referendum on the US facility.

“Why should only Okinawa hold the burden for security of all of Japan, when the presence of US Marines doesn’t play a big role in deterring China?” Inamine, said in May, whilst on a visit to Washington, DC. “I, as mayor, have operational control over two ports that are needed for use as construction landfill and I will exercise all powers in the municipality to block access.”

Voter turnout at the assembly vote on Sunday was 70 percent, showing there is strong local interest surrounding the base. The results will come as a blow to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who is in favor of the relocation move, as he sees the US presence as a needed deterrent against China.

On April 24, Abe and US President Barack Obama “affirmed the resolve on both sides” to make “steady progress” on transferring the Marine base in Futenma.

The estimated cost of the relocation is about $8.6 billion, and Japan will cover $3.1 billion of that sum.

In December 2013, the governor of Okinawa, Hirokazu Nakaima agreed to the base’s relocation in return for large-scale funds from Tokyo, which he hoped would be used to revitalize the local economy. In August, Japan’s Ministry of Defense started a drilling survey off the coast of Nago to prepare for the building of the base, which was to be built on a landfill site.

Hercules aircraft are parked on the tarmac at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan on Okinawa May 3, 2010. (Reuters/Issei Kato)

Tokyo and Washington are negotiating multiple plans regarding the relocation, according to the Japan Daily Press. One is to allow Japanese authorities to enter US bases for environmental checks and other official purposes, which Tokyo believes will complement the existing Status of Forces Agreement. Another is to advance the return of land where Futenma is currently, which is now scheduled for 2022.

In addition, Japan is suggesting that US exercises involving the controversial MV-22 Osprey transport aircraft occur in several locations – not just in Okinawa.

The United States agreed in 2006 to move the base to the coast, but local opposition prevented the potential shift. Anti-base sentiment and concern about US military operations at Futenma has long been an emotionally charged issue in Okinawa.

Japan hosts some 50,000 American soldiers and officers, particularly in Okinawa. Their presence is a constant source of tension with local populations due to crimes committed by the servicemen, disruptions caused by military flights and land use by the US forces.

For instance, last October, a local woman was raped by US military personnel. The incident provoked anger among locals and forced the American military to enforce a curfew upon its service members. The incident led to protests by outraged locals, while due to the seriousness of the case, it was held in a Japanese court. 24-year-old Seaman Christopher Browning was sentenced to 10 years behind bars, while 23-year-old Petty Officer 3rdClass Skyler Dozierwalker received nine years’ imprisonment.

The Okinawa prefecture, which is the southernmost Japanese district, is strategically vital to the US military given its proximity to the rest of Asia. The islands accounts for less than 1 percent of Japan’s total territory, but hosts about half the 38,000 US military personnel stationed in Japan.

 

 

‘First shot’: Iran tests Bavar-373 system aimed to substitute Russian S-300

                                                

 
 
 
 A picture shows a part of Iran's new medium range anti-aircraft air defence system Mersad (Ambush) (AFP Photo)

A picture shows a part of Iran’s new medium range anti-aircraft air defence system Mersad (Ambush) (AFP Photo)

 

Tehran has showcased an indigenous long-range air defense system, the Bavar-373 missile, developed as an alternative to the Russian S-300 after Moscow canceled its contract.

“Bavar-373 has fired a first successful shot,” the commander of the Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base, Brigadier General Farzad Esmayeeli, told Iranian state TV on Friday.

According to Iranian security officials, the new system is better than the Russian S-300, as it is able to track over 100 targets, just like the Russian system but with a higher targeting capability.

“We believe that ‘Bavar’ and ‘3rd of Khordad’ missile shields are better than some other long-range missile defense systems of the country,” ol-Anbia added, Fars news reports.

Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, ordered the development of the missile system, after then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev banned armed sales to the country in light of UN sanctions against Tehran. Following the move, Iran filed a $4 billion lawsuit against Russia in the international arbitration court in Geneva.

The S-300 is a long-range surface-to-air missile system produced by NPO Almaz. It is designed to be used as a defensive weapon against aircraft and cruise missiles.

Meanwhile, Iran’s Air Defense commander boasted that the country’s defense systems will track down all of Islamic Republic’s enemies if they fly over Iran’s airspace.

“We give a warning to the enemy’s aircraft before entering the Islamic Republic’s airspace, and deem any kind of intruding drones or planes of enemy a threat, and shoot it down immediately in case of entry [into Iran],” Colonel Mahmoud Ahmadi, commander of Iran’s southwestern Air Defense zone, Tasnim news reported.

A drawing of the Bavar-373 (Image from wikipedia.org)

A drawing of the Bavar-373 (Image from wikipedia.org)

This follow an August 24 incident, when the country’s forces shot down a stealth drone thought to be sent from Israel. The invading “Hermes” aircraft was intercepted by a surface-to-air missile.

Iran has also unveiled plans to increase the number of air defense sites from the current 3,600 to 5,000, according to Brigadier General Farzad Esmayeeli.