India Moves Nearly One Hundred Tanks, Troops to Chinese Border

Tanks move along the Republic Day Parade route in New Delhi, India

 

With tensions rising between China and India, New Delhi has deployed nearly 100 tanks to its eastern border.

The mountainous region of Ladakh, in northern India, lies in a tense location between disputed Kashmir and Tibet. In an effort to boost its military presence in the area, the Indian military has sent Russian-made T-72 tanks to Ladakh’s Chinese border.

“The vast flat valleys along the mountain ranges allow for armored movement; besides, there has been an increase in the force levels across the border,” an unnamed military official told NDTV.

The tanks have undergone significant upgrades to be better outfitted for the region’s climate.

“We have procured special additives and lubricants for high-altitude terrain such as winter-grade diesel and additives for the lubrication system, which prevents it from freezing in the tank,” Colonel Vijay Dalal told The Hindu.

This marks the third regiment placed in Ladakh by India since 2014.

Tensions between the neighbors have been building recently. Earlier this month, the Indian Navy deployed three ships to the South China Sea.

“The visiting ships are also likely to conduct exercises with the Royal Malaysian Navy aimed at enhancing interoperability in communication as well as Search and Rescue procedures,” said a statement issued by India’s Defense Ministry.

Malaysia is currently at odds with China over territorial claims in the waterway.

Beijing and New Delhi are also competing over Nepal. While Nepalese Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli has expressed an interest in working more closely with the Chinese government, India is unlikely to surrender its own influence over Kathmandu.

Syrian Conflict Inspires Russian Tank Capable of Street Combat

Tank T-72

 

A tank that can effectively conduct combat operations inside a city has been constructed by Russia’s Uralvagonzavod. The tank was constructed taking into consideration conflicts in Syria and the Middle East.

Countries with the most massive armed main battle tanks of the second generation, the T-72, now do not have to worry about what to do with the aging equipment and the transition of military operations to urban areas.

The creators of the tank, the Russian Corporation Uralvagonzavod, have figured out how to modernize the T-72 to effectively combat in urban environments.

As explained by the Deputy Director for Special Equipment of Uralvagonzavod, Vyacheslav Halitov, the project is based on the experience of the war in Syria.

“If you look closely at the armed conflicts around the world, the war is mainly in the cities now. No one is fighting in open fields anymore. In the city, and even in urban areas, fighting can be quite successful.”

“That’s why by analyzing the situation in Syria, wars in Iraq and the Middle East we came to the conclusion to make a special set of additional defenses, which at the right moment can be installed on the vehicle to allow it to fight more effectively in urban environments.”

To give the T-72 a new life, first of all it was important to increase its firepower: to establish a more effective fire gun using the ‘Sosna’ target system with a new regulator and an electromechanical drive.

It was important to use an upgraded 2A46M gun with a modified rocket fire autoloader. The new engine has a 1000HP engine and automatic gear change, just like the modern T-90S tanks.

“We have made this cabin with windows which give it all-round visibility, but most of it is closed, there is a bulletproof mechanism,” the deputy head of Uralvagonzavod said.

The modernized T-72 tank is equipped with elements of electronic warfare that can interfere with the ammunition heading in its direction. Halitov also said that the militants are currently using radio-controlled missiles and it is necessary to extinguish their signals over a very wide range, which is particularly important in urban areas.

“We have installed equipment, which suppresses radio-controlled explosive devices. It has two antenna devices behind the tower and an apparatus that can suppress all signals going to the explosive mechanism,” he added.

The upgraded T-72 tank equipped with a fire control system and a thermal imager will be shown for the first time to potential customers June 2 – 5 in Kazakhstan during the IV exhibition, KADEX 2016, in Astana.

As reported in Rosoboronexport, 40 enterprises from Russia’s military-industrial complex will demonstrate around 250 pieces of military equipment during the exhibition.

 

Russia to Return Israeli Tank Seized by Syria During First Lebanon War

Israeli M48 tank

 

Russia is preparing to return an Israeli tank captured by Syrian troops in early 1980s and exhibited in the Kubinka Tank Museum near Moscow, the Israeli government said Sunday.

TEL AVIV  The Magach tank, based on the US tank M48 Patton, was seized by the Syrian troops during the battle of Sultan Yacoub and then sent to Russia where it was exhibited in the tank museum.

“At the end of the week, Israel got the notification that Russian President Vladimir Putin acceded to the request of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to return the tank that the Syrians gave the Russian army and that is now being exhibited in the tank museum,” the statement of the Israeli government’s press service said.

Last month, Netanyahu asked Putin to return the tank, saying the vehicle stood testament to the memory of three Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers, who went missing during the war.

An Israeli military delegation is currently working out details for the tank’s return with Russian counterparts in Moscow.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday for his decision to return to Israel a tank seized by the Syrian troops in 1982 during the First Lebanon War.

“I thank Russian President Vladimir Putin for acceding to my request to return to Israel the tank from the Battle of Sultan Yacoub,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in a statement published on the website of his office.

He pointed out the importance of the step for the families of three Israel Defense Forces (IDF) servicemen, who went missing during the war.

“To the families of MIAs Zechariah Baumel, Zvi Feldman and Yehudah Katz, there has been nothing to remember the boys by and no grave to visit for 34 years now. The tank is the only evidence of the battle and now it is coming back to Israel thanks to President Putin’s response to my request,” Netanyahu stated.

 

Things Get Real as Russia’s T-14 Armata Tanks Start Battle Tests (VIDEO)

Russia's 21ct century T-14 Armata battle tanks have commenced combat tests displaying their unique features on firing ranges.

 

Russia’s 21ct century T-14 Armata battle tanks have commenced combat tests displaying their unique features on firing ranges.

The T-14 Armata, rolled out for the first time during the 2015 Victory Parade in Moscow, brandishes a constellation of characteristics which make it an author of a new chapter in the battle tank industry.

Thanks to stealth technology, the machine is practically invisible in infrared and other spectrums. It is equipped with an active electronically scanned array (AESA, or active phased array radar, APAR) similar to the one designed for Russia’s T-50 PAK FA 5th generation aircraft.

The radar and cameras are meant not only for combat against an enemy but also for reconnaissance and fire adjustment.

Locked and Loaded: T-14 Armata Tank, the Armored Pearl of Russia

The tank’s armament includes a 125mm smoothbore cannon and a 7.62mm remote-controlled machine gun. In the future the tank can be transformed into a heavy self-propelled gun with a 152mm weapon.But the Armata’s technology stretches way beyond the T-14. The platform serves as a basis for the T-15, a heavy infantry fighting vehicle which will be augmented with a drone. A pilotless, robotic version of the tank is also envisaged. In addition, Russia intends to develop a tank support fighting vehicle dubbed the Terminator-3 using the Armata platform.

Moreover, the Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun is expected to be upgraded with this platform.

Twenty-eight vehicles are planned to be built using the Armata concept altogether.The Armata tank’s main feature is its unmanned turret. The crew of three is seated in an armored capsule in the hull’s front, which is separated from the stowage area. This construction gives the crewmen a greater chance of survival if the tank’s ammunition explodes.

The armored capsule, unmanned turret, an APAR radar and active defense weapons make the T-14 Armata a unique vehicle capable of intercepting all kinds of currently operational anti-tank arms. This cascade of characteristics makes the T-14 Armata nearly invincible on the battlefield.

India, China, Egypt and several other countries have queued up for the T-14. But the Russian Army’s needs remain a priority. The first batch of 100 tanks will enter service next year and 2,500 vehicles will join the Army by 2025, according to the Defense Ministry.

 

What Iran Stands to Gain by Purchasing Russia’s Advanced T-90 Tank

A T-90S tank, the export version of T-90, at the Ninth International Exhibition of Arms, Military Equipment and Ammunition Russia Arms Expo 2013 in Nizhny Tagil

 

Commenting on the news that Iran is considering the purchase of an unknown quantity of Russian-made T-90 main battle tanks, Iranian political scientist and military expert Abouzar Bagheri shared with Sputnik his insights into what the purchase would mean for Iran’s military potential, and for the Iranian-Russian military partnership as a whole.

On Tuesday, Iranian Army Ground Forces Commander Ahmad Reza Pourdastan told Iranian media that Tehran’s military cooperation with Moscow is going ahead smoothly, and that in addition to the recently renewed contract to deliver the S-300 anti-aircraft missile system, the purchase of the T-90 main battle tank is on the agenda.

“Our military cooperation with Moscow has been strengthened; we have signed the first contract for the purchase of the S-300,” the general noted, according to the Tasnim News Agency. “Relatedly, the purchase of the T-90 tank is on the agenda. We are hoping that the relevant contracts will be concluded, and that our experts will be able to travel to Russia to gain experience in the operation of this modern piece of machinery.”

The T-90, adopted by the Russian Armed Forces in the mid-1990s and facing several waves of modernization since then, has been quite popular on the global weapons market, particularly among the countries of Azerbaijan, Algeria and India (the latter now has over 850 T-90s). Late last month, reports surfaced that the Syrian Army’s 4th Mechanized division deployed several T-90s.Military cooperation between Moscow and Tehran became possible again after Iran reached an agreement on its nuclear program with the P5+1 group of international mediators in July.

According to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), signed in Vienna on July 14, in addition to sanctions relating to ballistic missile technologies, which will remain in place for eight years, sanctions on the sale of conventional weapons would stay in place for five years.

Nevertheless, General Pourdastan is convinced that given the growing threat of terrorism in the region, questions of self-defense and the strengthening of the country’s military potential should not be unnecessarily constrained to the JCPOA. The general emphasized that Tehran would “use all available means” to defend itself from the threat of terror.

What does this mean as far as Iran’s desire to purchase the Russian main battle tank? Speaking to Sputnik Persian, Abouzar Bagheri, political scientist and military expert, emphasized that one way or another, every country has the right to find ways to defend itself.

“Iran has held negotiations with Russia on military cooperation for a long time, in particular, on the purchase of the S-300. One way or another, every country has the legitimate right to strengthen and expand its military-defense complex, in order to defend its territory in case of a potential threat, and Iran is no exception,” the expert noted.

“The JCPOA,” Bagheri noted, “together with instructions from the US that Iran does not have the right to conduct missile tests or purchase offensive weapons or to use them, truly has limited Iran’s right to do so. However, as stated by the country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, we must strengthen our military defensive complex, and this is not connected to the JCPOA, because Iran came to an agreement with the P5+1 on the use of the atom, not on our defense and missile potential.”

“It is for this reason,” the analyst suggested, ” that General Pourdastan raised the issue of expanding the military potential our Iran’s ground forces, notably via [the creation of a new] tank battalion, before the country’s parliament.”

According to Bagheri, “Tehran sees the purchase of modern tanks from Russia as part of the need to strengthen its defense industry. And, given the threats which exist in the region, Iran will certainly be using all its military potential to ensure the security of our country and neighboring countries.”Ultimately, the expert believes that the signing of military and military technical cooperation agreements with Tehran is an indication that Moscow is moving from a relationship of partner to one of strategic ally to Iran in the region. For its part, by expanding its defense potential, Iran is strengthening its capacity not only to defend itself, but to conduct joint operations with Russia in common war against terrorism.

“Iran has said repeatedly that it would seek to defend not only its national interests…but also the oppressed peoples of the region,” the Bagheri emphasized. “Today, our military instructors and advisors are present in Syria and Iraq, and help the people and governments of these countries in the war against terrorism. Iran, in close cooperation with its allies – Lebanon’s Hazbollah and Russia, renders all possible assistance to the peoples of these countries.”

In this connection, “if the situation in the region continues to deteriorate, and third countries seek to strengthen their imperial influence or to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries…we cannot just leave this state of affairs at is, and will use all our capabilities and potential. Firstly, it is necessary to use diplomacy, in order to stabilize the situation while avoiding a military confrontation. In order areas, Iran will act decisively and will help their allies…And of course, if someone among the imperial powers were to seek to disrupt the stability and security which we are trying to safeguard, Iran will act decisively to protect the interests and territorial integrity of our allies militarily.”