Russian Su-35 May be Last Fighter Jet Imported by China as Beijing Bets on J-20

 

 

Su-35 super maneuverable multirole fighter

 

   On December 25, China received the first shipment of Russian-made Su-35 fighter jets, as part of a deal between Moscow and Beijing on delivering a total of 24 aircraft.

    Russia and China signed a contract on the delivery of 24 Russian Sukhoi Su-35 aircraft, estimated to be worth $2 billion, in 2015.

   The S-35 is a 4++ generation, twin-engine, highly maneuverable multirole fighter jet. It has a maximum speed of 1,553 mph (2,500 kmh) with advanced dry thrust and afterburner capabilities that enhance the aircraft’s dogfighting maneuverability and semi-stealth design that makes it possibly the most lethal fighter jet in the sky.

   The fighter jet is an upgraded version of the Su-27 multirole fighter. It was first introduced to a foreign audience at the 2013 Paris Air Show.

   The Su-35 is Russia’s top air-superiority fighter, until the fifth-generation PAK-FA stealth fighter comes into production.

   According to the Chinese newspaper The People’s Daily, the reason for such smooth procurement of the Su-35 for the Chinese military is the recent debut of the domestic-designed J-20 fifth-generation fighter.

   Of course, the deal on delivering Su-35 jets to China was a result of close military and technical cooperation between Moscow and Beijing.

   However, according to the newspaper, the Russian side expects that once the J-20 enters service with the Chinese armed forces the “Su-35 will soon lose its value in the Chinese market.”

   China unveiled two Chengdu J-20 stealth fighters at the Airshow China-2016 in Zhuhai in early-November. The aircraft was developed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation. The J-20 conducted its first test flight in early 2011.

   According to Air Force Commander General Ma Xiaotian, China will not put the J-20 on the global market.

   While the detailed specifications of the new jet have been kept secret, to all appearances the jets have been designed to match the stealth capabilities of fifth-generation fighter aircraft such as the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and Russia’s Sukhoi PAK FA.

   However, military experts noted that another possible reason behind China’s interest for the Su-35 is its engine, the AL-117S turbofan.

    China has put much effort in developing its own turbofan akin to the Su-35’s, known as the WS-10 turbofan, but it continues to underperform the Russian-made AL-117S. If Chinese engineers manage to reverse engineer the Russian technology they may be able to narrow the technological gap with Russia and the West.

Indonesia Rethinks Ukrainian-Built Combat Vehicle After Unsuccessful Trial

BTR-4 with the fighting module Parus

Indonesia is reconsidering plans to acquire more Ukraine-built BTR-4 8×8 amphibious armored personnel carriers (APC) after issues cropped up during training activities.

    After concluding initial training on the amphibious vehicle, Korps Marinir (KORMAR), the Indonesian Marine Corps, reported several problems, including the APC excessively trimming at the bow while immersed in water and operating at full speed.
    Five of the vehicles were delivered to Jakarta in September as part of a deal with Ukraine state-owned defense manufacturer Ukroboronprom, as Indonesia sought to replace the 100 BTR-50PK APCs it acquired from Kiev in the 1990s.
    One Ukroboronprom official told Janes in November, “After official acceptance we will talk about expanding technology transfers to Indonesia and about expanding the order…We know [KORMAR] has a requirement for another 50 vehicles. This could mean some of these vehicles are built in Ukraine followed by technology transfers and local production in Indonesia.”
    The vehicle’s main weapon is a ZTM-1 30 mm cannon. It also features an AGS-17 30mm grenade launcher and a chemical, nuclear and biological filtration system.

Russian Weapons Sales Reach $7Bln in 8 Months – Russian Arms Exporter

September 6 – Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov said that Rosoboronexport was planning to sell more than $13 billion worth of weapons in 2016 and arms exporter has already sold arms at a cost of $7 billion.
Russian state arms exporter Rosoboronexport has sold $7 billion worth of weapons over the past eight months, the company’s deputy director general told Tuesday.
Earlier in the day, Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov said that Rosoboronexport was planning to sell more than $13 billion worth of weapons in 2016. “This year’s plan stipulates sales of arms worth some $13 billion, we have already sold [arms] at a cost of $7 billion, that means more than a half [of our target],” Sergey Goreslavsky said, speaking at the Army-2016 military forum. He added that Russia would receive large payments under its contracts with Iran and China by the end of the year.
Rosoboronexport is responsible for over 85 percent of Russian arms and military technology exports, according to the Rostec state technologies corporation, which owns the arms exporter.
The Russian Defense Ministry’s Army-2016 forum is taking place on September 6-11 in Kubinka, a western suburb of Moscow. The forum brings together representatives from the Russian defense industry, research institutes, universities, as well as foreign companies. Over 800 Russian and foreign participants are expected to be involved in some 7,000 exhibitions throughout the week. The forum’s participants and guests will attend a number of conferences and roundtables to discuss the future development of military technology.

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Russia maintains parity in arms supply to Armenia, Azerbaijan — official

© EPA/HAYK BAGHDASARYAN / PHOTOLURE

MOSCOW, July 19. /TASS/. Russia is committed to maintaining parity in the supply of military equipment to Armenia and Azerbaijan in the conditions of the intensified Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between the two countries, Director of the Russian Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC) Alexander Fomin said in an interview to the Izvestia daily published on Monday.

“Conflicts begin regardless of the fact that one side may be armed better than the other,” Fomin said. “However, it is necessary to seek parity, so Russia is taking efforts to maintain parity both in absolute terms and in the quantity and quality of the basic weapons systems”.

Fomin also said that the main purpose of military-technical cooperation is to preserve peace and stability in a given country, in a region and in the world in general. “Russia’s military-technical cooperation system is organized in such a way as to cause no harm, including to a particular region. We make all the decisions on the delivery of arms to one or another country invariably with taking into account such acute regional situations”, he added.

The situation along the line of engagement in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone deteriorated dramatically overnight to April 2 when fierce clashes began. The parties to the conflict accused each other of violating the truce.

On April 5, Azerbaijan’s Chief of Staff Nadjmeddin Sadykov and his Armenian counterpart Yuri Khachaturov met in Moscow with Russia’s mediation. At the talks the sides came to an agreement on cessation of hostilities at the line of engagement between the Azerbaijani and Armenian forces. On the same day, the two countries’ defense ministries announced that the ceasefire regime in Nagorno-Karabakh would start at 12am local time. Since then, the parties to the conflict have been accusing each other of violating the ceasefire agreement.

On May 16, the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan met in Vienna. Serzh Sargsyan and Ilkham Aliyev agreed to “make steps to monitor observance of agreements on ceasefire and introduce a mechanism on investigating incidents.” The participants in the Vienna talks on Nagorno-Karabakh on May 16 that also involved the Armenian and Azerbaijani presidents, with mediation of the foreign ministers of the countries co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group (Russia, the United States, France) reach an agreement on observing the ceasefire in the region in the format of the 1994-1995 agreements. In addition, the conflict sides agreed to complete as soon as possible the work on the OSCE mechanism for investigating incidents at the line of engagement of the conflict sides.

On June 20, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Armenian and Azerbaijani counterparts Serzh Sargsyan and Ilkham Aliyev adopted a trilateral statement where they expressed commitment to the normalization the situation along the engagement line in Nagorno-Karabakh.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said previously that Russia would continue to supply weapons to Azerbaijan and Armenia as its strategic partners under the corresponding contracts.

 

Azerbaijan to Get New Weapons, Military Equipment Supplies

Azerbaijan soldiers. (File)

 

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said that Azerbaijan is buying new weapons and other military equipment, local media reported Saturday.

BAKU        The violence in Nagorno-Karabakh, an Azerbaijani breakaway region with a predominantly Armenian population, escalated on April 2. Baku and Yerevan have accused each other of provoking hostilities that led to multiple deaths on both sides. The parties agreed on a ceasefire on April 5.

“We are buying military products from many countries. In other words, we are not dependent on a single source. In this area, as in all other areas, we are going to diversify our way. Of course, we must continue to try and will always try to supply Azerbaijan with the most up-to-date weapons and other military equipment. Azerbaijan has already started importing new types of weapons and other equipment,” Aliyev said, according to the Trend news agency.

According to Aliyev, Azerbaijan is currently in war, so military matters require the most attention.

“The army building will always remain our priority. Azerbaijani army is ready, it is able to perform any task.”

On June 20, Armenian Foreign Minister Eduard Nalbandyan said that the trilateral meeting between the Armenian, Russian and Azerbaijani leaders on Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement was constructive. Prior to the meeting, on June 19,  Aliyev said that Azerbaijan hopes for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh.

The conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh began in 1988, when the autonomous region sought to secede from the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, before the latter proclaimed independence with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The warring sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities in 1994.

US Arms Industry Dead: World Bought American Weapons, Stole the Technology

South Korean T-50 Fighter Jet

 

The expansion of American arms exports leaves the military-industrial complex at risk of being overtaken by countries who scooped up defense secrets without the cost of research and development.

On Tuesday, US defense industry analysts offered a report claiming that American military contractors will be overtaken in coming years by defense contractors in Israel, South Korea, and Brazil, marking an end to Western dominance over war profiteering.

The report, “Dynamics of International Military Modernization 2016,” authored by Daniel Yoon and Doug Berenson from Beltway consultants Avascent blamed American military exports for the market threat, as countries buy arms at a cut rate to back-engineer US weapons technology.

“In many cases, these emerging players developed through diffused technology via prior export arrangements with Western suppliers, often through offset requirements and domestic industry participation,” stated the report. In layman’s terms, foreign countries purchase US arms to steal American know-how, avoiding the burdensome taxpayer-subsidized cost of research and development.

The development occurs as the US military-industrial complex has shifted its focus toward exporting weapons to tyrannical regimes throughout the world, as a means to offset reductions in the size of the American war machine following the drawdown in Iraq and Afghanistan. According to the report, “in 2010, only 17% of defense equipment manufactured in the US was exported; by 2015, that number jumped dramatically to 34%.”

US weapons-manufacturing expertise has been suggested as being in decline primarily due to Washington’s reticence to engage in war, opting instead to be the Walmart of weapon retailers for the world.

The situation is exacerbated by the Obama Administration’s trigger-happy approach to sell arms, often including troubling “offset requirements” making it easier for the nascent domestic defense industries of countries to “absorb suppliers’ technical expertise.”

In addition to the rapid growth of weapons manufacturing expertise in Israel, South Korea, and Brazil, the US contends with other leading arms exporters, including Russia and China, who offer high-end military technology. Analysts also suggest that the American military-industrial complex will soon forfeit market share to other nations, including Japan and India.

The report claimed that Israel may soon become the world’s premier supplier of radar, missile, and drone technology, noting that the country’s unmanned aerial vehicles are competitive with US hardware.

South Korea looks to make its mark in air superiority with the development of an indigenous fighter jet and a next generation T-50 design. In addition to the aerospace field, South Korea excels in the production of destroyers, frigates, amphibious assault vehicles, and assault submarines, the report said.

Brazil, by contrast, looked to occupy the lower-tech echelons of the market, at a cut-rate price exploiting a niche in light attack aircraft thanks to a partnership with Saab to produce the Gripen fighter.

American military superiority is thought to be endangered by the growing export of defense technology throughout the world, leading some analysts to worry about the future of the US weapons industry, and the safety and security of the country.

 

Russia’s positions on Asia-Pacific arms market

According to the US Conressional Research Service (CRS), Russsia delivered arms and military equipment to the Asia Paicific and Asian countries to the tune of $30.1 billion in 2007-2014

© ITAR-TASS/Marina Lystseva

KUALA LUMPUR, April 19. /TASS-DEFENSE/. The arms market of the Asia Pacific region still remains one of the biggest regional markets. In the last several years, Russia has secured its position at it. According to the US Conressional Research Service (CRS), Russsia delivered arms and military equipment to the Asia Paicific and Asian countries to the tune of $30.1 billion in 2007-2014. The aforementioned deliveries included:

  • 570 main battle tanks (MBT) and self-propelled guns (SPG);
  • 60 pieces of artillery and multiple laucnh rockets systems (MLRS);
  • 570 armoured personnel carriers (APC) and armoured cars (AC);
  • 5 major surface combatants;
  • 14 minor surface combatants;
  • 2 missile boats;
  • 2 submarines;
  • 220 jet combat aircraft;
  • 10 other aircraft;
  • 320 helicopters;
  • 1,710 surface-to-air missiles (SAM);
  • 30 surface-to-surface (SSM) missiles;
  • 260 anti-ship missiles (ASM).

We expect no sharp change to the structure of our order book in the coming years, through there may be adjustments, e.g. the number of orders placed by Middle East and North African states has grown sharply in recent years Vladimir Yereschenko

We are in talks on both the repair and upgrade of the in-service equipment and promotion of a wide spectrum of advanced systems. We deem the Project 636.3 and Amur-1650 submarines, Project 11356 and Gepard-3.9 frigates and shipborne weapons to be most promising in this respect Vladimir Yereschenko

“We have been aggressively offering integrated protection and defense systems for the littorals and ports under our advanced large-scale Integrated Security Systems program,” Vladimir Yereschenko added.

Russia’s Sukhoi warplanes

Estimating the military-technical cooperation between Malaysis and Russia, he pointed out that Russia is willing to offer Malaysia cutting-edge fighters fully satisfying its needs.  “Malaysia has not issued tenders for an advanced fighter yet; hence, it is premature for us to announce that we will bid. At the same time, Russia is ready to offer a fighter meeting Malaysia’s requirements completely,” the head of the delegation told TASS, fielding a question about Russia’s bidding in an advanced fighter tender for the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
Rosoboronexport’s representative emphasized that the exportability of Russian armament has always been high in Asia-Pacific. “Today, it is boosted by the successful use of Russian weapons on large-scale counterterrorist operations. When customers need weapons for something more serious than parades, they turn to us,” Vladimir Yereschenko said.

“The Royal Malaysian Air Force has been operating Russian-made [Sukhoi] Su-30MKM [NATO reporting name: Flanker-H] fighters with success. A maintenance and repair center has been set up for them, an up-to-date simulator has been supplied, and the relevant infrastructure has been provided under an offset program. Therefore, the acquisition of Russian-made fighters seems to be logical and efficient in economic terms,” Yereschenko stressed.

Anyway, it is up to Malaysia. On our part, we are making adequate marketing efforts to promote Russian-made Sukhoi fighters Vladimir Yereschenko

According to Yereschenko, special attention will be paid during the show to the further refining of the aftersales support of the Russian-made aircraft operated by the Royal Malaysian Air Force and to the overhaul of its Sukhoi Su-30MKM fighters.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Malaysia awarded Russia the contract for 18 Su-30MKM fighters in 2003, and the delivery had been completed by 2009, with the deal’s value being about $900 million.

 

Keener interest in Kalibr missile systems

Rosoboronexport is expecting keener interest in the Club missile system – an export version of the Kalibr (NATO reporting name: SS-N-27 Sizzler) – on the part of potential customers in Southeast Asia and other corners of the world, Yereschenko said.

The mass launches of the Kalibr system’s [the analog of the Club missile system] cruise missiles by Caspian Flotilla [surface] ships and the Project 636.6 [Improved Kilo-class] Rostov-on-Don submarine against terrorist targets in Syria have proven their high effectiveness, pinpoint accuracy and long range. Vladimir Yereschenko

“The interest in the Club missile system, which we are promoting on the global market, has always been keen, because the system is among the armament types boosting the strike capability of a navy,” the head of the delegation said.
“Now, we expect potential customers in Southeast Asia and other regions to express higher interest in it. Actually, this goes for both the Club missile system proper and the submarines and surface ships it equips,” Rosoboronexport’s representative emphasized.

Infantry fighting vehicles

Russia expects Indonesia’s Navy to continue purchasing Russian-made BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles, he said. “The BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles in service with Indonesia’s Marine Corps have proved their efficiency,” Yereshchenko said.
“Vehicles of this type are superior to their rivals by operational characteristics, combat capabilities and the cost-efficiency ratio,” he added.
“Thus, we expect the Indonesian Navy to continue purchasing BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles,” the delegation head said.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Indonesia has received 54 Russian-made BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles.
Russia delivered 17 BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles in 2010 and 37 vehicles of this type in 2014. The total deal was worth $164 million.

MANPADS promotion

According to Yereschenko, the Verba man-portable air defense system (MANPADS) will allow Russia to maintain its positions on the MANPADS market.

Active marketing work has started this year to promote the new Verba [man-portable air defense missile] system, which was shown for the first time abroad at the DEFEXPO India 2016 international exhibition Vladimir Yereschenko

“The participants in the exhibition and its visitors showed great interest in the system. The Verba man-portable air defense missile system will allow Russia to maintain positions in this market sector steadily in the coming years,” he added.
According to the delegation head, Russia has traditionally held the leading positions on the man-portable air defense missile system market. Thus, Russian-made systems are in stable demand in all the regions of Russia’s presence.
“We continue promoting Igla-S man-portable air defense missile systems in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as surface-to-air missile complexes developed on the basis of standardized control systems and launchers with Igla-S system missiles,” Yereshchenko said.

The article was published on the ‘Russian Defense & Technologies’ newswire.