Su-27, a Soviet/Russian fourth-generation multirole all-weather supermaneuverable fighter jet designed by Sukhoi. It was declared one of the best combat aircraft of the 20th century according to an online poll by Flight International, a global aerospace weekly published in the UK.
The Kalashnikov automatic rifle, adopted in 1949 as the AK-47. The AK is currently in service with armed forces in 106 countries. There are an estimated 70 million to 105 million Kalashnikov assault rifles of various modifications in the world. The AK-47 was top of the list of the most significant inventions of the 20th century according to a poll by France’s Liberation magazine, ahead of nuclear weapons and space technology.
The S-300, a family of surface-to-air missile defense systems capable of effectively engaging targets at different altitudes with a range of up to 300 kilometers. It is the first multichannel system that can track up to six targets and aim up to 12 missiles on those targets. The system is highly mobile and takes five minutes to deploy.
The heavy strategic nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine Akula (Project 941). It is armed with the D-19 missile system that includes 20 three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missiles R-39 Variant with 10 MIRV warheads, 100 kilotons each, and a range of 8,300 kilometers. Six Akula-class submarines are listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world’s biggest. With a swimming pool, sauna and gym on board, the Akula is known among sailors as the “floating Hilton.”
Pantsir-S1, a self-propelled combined surface-to-air missile and antiaircraft artillery weapon system. It can engage targets at altitudes from zero to 15 km and ranges from 200 meters to 20 km (12 miles).
The rail-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile system. The missiles were deployed on trains that required three locomotives to move them. The Soviet military deployed its first rail-portable long-range missile in 1987, and had 12 of them by 1991. The last system was removed from service in 2005. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, the project will be resurrected and a revamped system is expected by 2020.
Ka-52 Alligator, a new-generation all-weather attack helicopter. It is designed to engage ground targets and low-speed flying targets. The helicopter is armed with a 30-mm cannon, Vikhr (Whirlwind) laser-guided missiles, rockets, including S-24s, and bombs. For improved pilot survivability the Ka-52 is fitted with a K-37-800 ejection seat. Before the rocket in the ejection seat deploys, the rotor blades are blown away by explosive charges in the rotor disc and the canopy is similarly jettisoned.